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刊物期号: 200306

“论酒”漫谈

作者: 溢香轩

地址:北京市右安门大街28号15门132号,北京 邮编:100054
摘要 酒具有两重性,古今对其评价分为三大派:功派、祸派和中派。功派认为酒具有健体强身之功,舒筋活血之效,激发诗文书画创作灵感之妙,是“百药之长”。“诗给酒添点味儿,酒给诗添点劲儿”;祸派认为酒是“祸水”,是“万恶之源”。“大则亡国失天下,小则败家丧身”。“君子以之败德,小人以之速罪”。对社会造成的危害亦不小,诸如酒后车祸、酗酒犯罪、酒精中毒引起的疾病等触目惊心;中派则认为“酒无善恶,在人所用”。酒之祸,罪不在酒而在于人,归罪于酒不公平。酒能益人,亦能损人;既可药用,又会伤身惹祸;既是兴奋剂,又是镇静剂;“利增则祸减,祸增则利减”。罪不在酒,而在人的自控能力。(小雨)
关键词 酒; 社会功能; 功过
中图分类号: TS971 文献标识码: D 文章编号: 1001-9286(2003)06-0117-02

英文标题: Discussion on Drinking

英文作者: YI Xiang-xuan

英文地址: Beijing You′an′men Avenue No.28 Unit 15-132,Beijing 100054, China

英文摘要 From the past up to the present, the public opinions of drinking could be divided into three groups: backing group, opposition group and neutral group. Supporters considered that drinking could build health, relax muscles and joints and promote blood circulation, and play an important role in the inspiration of creative works. They believed that drinking was useful medicine and drinking was indispensable to artistic creations. Objectors considered drinking as the source of evils. “Drinking may ruin people′s health, endanger family happiness, and even perish a nation”.“Drinking may make people of honor lose their reputation and make evil doer more evil”. They presented examples of drinking hazard such as traffic accident after drinking, criminality after drinking and alcoholism etc. Neuters considered drinking itself had both favorable effects and unfavorable effects. Adequate drinking was harmless to people′s health. The key to drinking was dependent on drinker′s self-control.(Tran. by YUE Yang)
英文关键词 drinking; social functions; contribution and hazard
      

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